What we do

Weather Modification

It has been accepted that human activities can in fact modify and change the weather. KCMC provides technology and operational servicesnot only to enhance rainfall, , but also for cloud research purposes, which will make weather study more predictable thereby helping the agricultural community in particular and mitigate water shortfall in general for the ever growing demand of potable water..

Cloud seeding is the process of inducing microscopic particles or aerosols like Calcium Chloride or Silver iodide into the clouds which alter the microphysical processes within the cloud. This process triggers the formation of rain drops. In the case of aerial cloud seeding, Radar is used to scientifically identify rain bearing clouds and other potential seedable (rain bearing) clouds which otherwise go without precipitation. Then a specially modified aircraft fitted with flare racks is used to disperse Silver Iodide or Calcium Chloride into the updraft of the cloud base or in some cases would seed from top of the cloud by burning or ejecting Hygroscopic or Glaciogenic flares . These particles get evenly distributed in the cloud and participate in the formation of hygroscopic nucleus on which the water vapor condenses and forms rain drops.

Cloud Physics

Various studies have been conducted using aircrafts to study various properties of the clouds and the atmosphere. To name a few:

  • Cloud Microphysical properties
  • Water Content in clouds
  • Effect of Cloud seeding and subsequent contribution to rainfall enhancement
  • Radiation effects of clouds
  • Effects of Green House gases on atmosphere
  • Cyclone studies using dropsondes

For general atmospheric measurement and characterization:

  • Total temperature
  • Dew point
  • Pressure / pressure altitude
  • 3D winds
  • GPS position
  • Vertical acceleration

For the measurement of cloud hydrometeors:

  • Cloud liquid water content
  • Cloud droplets (sizes and numbers)
  • Cloud images (sizes, shapes, and numbers; small particles)
  • Precipitation images (sizes, shapes, and numbers, precipitation-sized particles)

Meteriological Equipments

KCMC provides state of the art C – Band Doppler Radar which plays a predominant role in identifying rain bearing clouds and also gives essential data of atmosphere.
C - Band Doppler Weather  Radar is installed The radar  detects rain bearing clouds within 250 km radius and captures images 24*7 hrs.

  • Meteorologists use various models to give a forecast. Based on the forecast a broad sector is chosen.
  • A flight plan is booked for the sector given by the Meteorologist.
  • Based on the images from the radar an initial area of operation is chosen.