It has been accepted that human activities can in fact modify and change the weather. KCMC provides technology and operational servicesnot only to enhance rainfall, , but also for cloud research purposes, which will make weather study more predictable thereby helping the agricultural community in particular and mitigate water shortfall in general for the ever growing demand of potable water..
Cloud seeding is the process of spreading either dry ice (or more commonly, silver iodide aerosols) into the upper part of clouds to try to stimulate the precipitation process and form rain. Since most rainfall starts through the growth of ice crystals from super-cooled cloud droplets (droplets colder than the freezing point, 32 °F) in the upper parts of clouds, the silver iodide particles are meant to encourage the growth of new ice particles.
Cloud seeding though a complex process, in simple terms it introduces other particles into a rain bearing clouds to serve as cloud condensation nuclei and aid in the formation of precipitation. There are three types of cloud seeding: static mode, dynamic mode, and hygroscopic seeding.
Static mode cloud seeding seeks to increase rainfall by adding ice crystals (usually in the form of silver iodide or dry ice) to cold clouds.
Dynamic mode cloud seeding increases rainfall by enhancing "vertical air currents in clouds and thereby vertically process more water through the clouds." Basically, in this method of seeding, a much larger number of ice crystals are added to the cloud than in the static mode.In hygroscopic seeding, salt crystals are released into a cloud. These particles grow until they are large enough to cause precipitation to form. Clouds can be seeded from above with the help of airplanes that drop pyrotechnics.
Various studies have been conducted using aircrafts to study various properties of the clouds and the atmosphere. To name a few:
For general atmospheric measurement and characterization:
For the measurement of cloud hydrometeors:
Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Missions:
Our vision is to provide low-cost, state-of-the-art UAVs for military, science, and commercial applications. We strive to provide rapid product development services to domestic and international aerospace market.
The features of our UAVs are:
Modular system for easy scalability and adaptability for different applications
Kyathi Climate Modification Consultants is tied up with Apeiron Aerospace in New Zealand which is developing the world's first Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - for cloud seeding.
Auckland-based Apeiron Aerospace, an innovative aerospace company focussed on delivering technology to the global UAV sector, has designed a tactical UAV system for cloud seeding as the existing process involving manned aircraft endangers the lives of pilots.
The firm floated by Mr. Sanjeev Rao, director, ApeironAerospace, last year exhibited its model at India Aviation 2012. Apeiron and KCMC together feel there is a market for such UAVs in India.
The UAV can fly into the cloud, do the seeding and fly out.
Together we are also coming out with different variants of tactical UAV system, which can be used for intelligence gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance.
The army, coast guard and the Navy need UAVs. There is definitely a market in India and we are hopeful that we will be able to strike a deal and find success in this industry.
Unlike the US and Europe, India has a fewer UAVs, but there is huge requirement of the same in India. We hope the growth of the UAV sector in our country through us.
The price of an UAV to be manufactured by Apeironranges between $500,000 and $750,000 depending on the requirement of the customer, endurance, range and the propulsion.
The Apeiron and KCMC UAV system, which includes both hand-launched and rapid response, can be used for applications like pipeline and agriculture monitoring, search and rescue, border and maritime patrol besides meteorological research and practice and defence.
KCMC provides state of the art C – Band Doppler Radar which plays a predominant role in identifying rain bearing clouds and also gives essential data of atmosphere.
C - Band Doppler Weather Radar is installed The radar detects rain bearing clouds within 250 km radius and captures images 24*7 hrs.